GreenvilleOnline reports that the fundamentalist Christian university, has finally regained its non-profit status 34 years after losing it:
Bob Jones University destroyed its income tax exemption after having a 13-year struggle with the IRS over whether or not the universityвЂ™s policies against interracial relationship precluded it being a non-taxable spiritual institution that is educational. The college didnвЂ™t acknowledge any black colored pupils until 1971, 17 years after Brown vs. Board of Education. After that it wouldnвЂ™t acknowledge any pupils have been in a marriage that is mixed-race produced rules to prohibit pupils from interracial relationship.
Bob Jones, in Greenville, sc, is a distinct segment college. Certainly, you could have just heard about it if youвЂ™re from the Christian fundamentalist back ground or closely follow that subculture. However the tale of just exactly exactly how Bob Jones destroyed its non-profit status provides timely understanding of the modern right that is religious.
Bob Jones didnвЂ™t lose status that is non-profit. Nor ended up being it an outlier during the time. Although its discriminatory policies preceded desegregation, historian Randall Balmer has noted so it destroyed its non-profit status as a result of President NixonвЂ™s crackdown on alleged вЂњsegregation academies.вЂќ (the type of segregation academies: Jerry FalwellвЂ™s Lynchburg Christian class.) Bob Jones received many warnings through the government that is federal ignored all of them, however when the IRS finally rescinded its status the spiritual right reacted with outrage, as Balmer recounts:
As Elmer L. Rumminger, longtime administrator at Bob Jones University, told me in a job interview, the IRS actions against their college вЂњalerted the Christian college community in what might happen with federal government disturbanceвЂќ within the affairs of evangelical organizations. вЂњThat had been truly the issue that is major got us all involved.вЂќ
Bob Jones finished its ban merely a 17 years agoвЂ”right before then-President George W. Bush visited campus. The father moves in not-so-mysterious means.
Although Bob JonesвЂ™s ban is history, it left an important imprimatur regarding the right that is religious. Evangelicals nevertheless worry secular disturbance with sacred affairs. ItвЂ™s embedded deeply into the motionвЂ™s rhetoric and governmental priorities. It motivates their opposition to anti-discrimination conditions and their ongoing fear-mongering concerning the First Amendment liberties of Christian schools. Just yesterday, the Alliance Defending FreedomвЂ™s Casey Mattox urged your house Judiciary Committee to get rid of Christian universities from a public Department of Education set of organizations which have gotten exemptions from Title IX. And who is able to forget that 80 percent of white evangelicals simply voted for the openly racist Donald Trump?
Bob JonesвЂ™s crusade to discriminate nevertheless haunts the religious right, regardless if the movementвЂ™s modern leaders are reluctant to acknowledge it.
The Supreme CourtвЂ™s ruling
The Supreme Court sought to balance the values of freedom of religion and related First Amendment concerns with federal law and public policy prohibiting racial discrimination in its review of the cases. The court traced the past reputation for income tax exemptions for charitable organizations, quoting from the landmark 1861 choice in Perin v. Carey:
It offers now become a recognised concept of US law, that courts of chancery will maintain and protectвЂ¦a giftвЂ¦to public charitable uses, offered exactly the same is in keeping with neighborhood regulations and general public policy.
The Supreme CourtвЂ™s analysis in Bob Jones unveiled the next facts that are key. First, tax-exempt organizations must provide a general general public function through techniques which do not break general public policy. The court remarked that Bob Jones UniversityвЂ™s admission policy demonstrably discriminated against African Us citizens in a violation that is direct of policy. 2nd, under IRC conditions, sectarian organizations is not tax-exempt if their religious doctrines cause violations of legislation. Third, the IRS failed to surpass its Chat Zozo review authority in doubting income tax exemptions to Bob Jones University and Goldsboro Christian Schools. Certainly, the court reasoned that the IRSвЂ™s ruling had been completely in line with previous declarations through the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of federal federal government. Fourth, the governmentвЂ™s fascination with eliminating discrimination that is racial a private institutionвЂ™s workout of their spiritual philosophy. Demonstrably, the court maintained, the spiritual passions of Bob Jones University had been contrary to the passions and legal rights regarding the federal federal government therefore the average man or woman.
In amount, the Supreme CourtвЂ™s viewpoint in Bob Jones is short for the idea that because nonprofit, private universities and schools that enforce discriminatory admission policies centered on religious doctrine try not to be eligible for income tax exemptions, efforts to such organizations aren’t deductible as charitable contributions inside the concept associated with Internal income Code. In 2000 Bob Jones University acknowledged so it was in fact incorrect in maybe perhaps not admitting African American students and lifted its ban on interracial dating.