On GLB identification. Certainly, both studies recommended that Ellen DeGeneres was one of the more influential lesbian part models within the news. This information presents a comparison for some criticisms that Ellen DeGeneres’s being released had not been adequately governmental and did little to subvert norms that are traditional representing GLB figures into the news (see Dow, 2001, and Hubert, 1999, for talks). In fact, Ellen had been spontaneously mentioned by many people individuals both in studies, plainly designating her as a figure that is influential the GLB community. One participant in research 1 described her as “a part model and good instance but additionally a creative individual, ” and another participant stated I am gay and it is okay. That she“gave the power to express” Maybe one of many good reasons Ellen was so influential is simply because her show was one of the primary to freely explore the difficulties and problems surrounding developing ( Ryan & Boxer, 1998 ). Both on television and in the media at large (see Gross, 2001, and Tracy, 2000) in addition, she and her popular television character both came out simultaneously, increasing GLB visibility. Although her choice ended up being mainly individual, it became a very influential moment that is political Western tradition. As Ryan and Boxer noted, her show inspired many GLB people to get treatment with regards to their developing problems, and many more observed Ellen’s instance and arrived on the scene for their family and friends.
The obvious significance of GLB role models such as for instance Ellen shows that the option of positive GLB part models within the media should boost in purchase to higher meet with the requirements of GLB people.
Consistent with this specific idea, Bringaze and White’s (2001 ) findings that successful lesbian leaders thought that positive part models aided them within their coming-out procedure suggests that having good part models may enhance GLB individuals’ potential to realize a completely recognized identification and also to be leaders inside their community. Due to the fact current research indicates, featuring good depictions of GLB people within the news may enhance GLB people’ feeling of self-worth and will finally motivate them to be effective leaders.
Another prospective advantageous asset of increasing good part models when you look at the news is the fact that it might probably additionally relieve a number of the mental problems that lots of GLB people experience, such as for example insecurity ( Frable, Wortman, & Joseph, 1997 ). Offered the amount that is substantial of suggesting that good role models enhance individuals’ self-esteem ( Cheung & Yue, 2003; Ochman, 1996; Wohlford et al., 2004 ), it appears plausible that increasing the representation of positive GLB media figures might also increase GLB people’ self-esteem. Nevertheless, the news is actually perhaps maybe not the cause that is sole of mental problems of GLB people. As Frable et al. (1997 ) demonstrated, homosexual guys with a higher amount of stigmatization from their families are apt to have low self-esteem, which will be prone to additionally be real for lesbian and bisexual individuals. Hence, societal prejudice against GLB individuals has to additionally be considerably reduced to be able to enable GLB people a better chance to attain functioning that is healthy. According to findings that contact with negative portrayals of GLB individuals trigger heterosexuals to espouse fairly enduring negative attitudes toward this team whereas contact with good portrayals of GLB individuals can cause heterosexuals to espouse more positive attitudes toward this team ( Levina, Waldo, & Fitzgerald, 2000; Schiappa, Gregg, & Hewes, 2005 ), maybe it’s argued that increasing the good representation of GLB news numbers could be a significant step that is first reducing societal prejudice from the GLB community.
To summarize, the research presented right here had been a number of the very first to utilize both quantitative and qualitative methods to explore the partnership amongst the media and GLB identity. Research 1 unveiled a few of the other ways in which GLB women and men make use of the news to contour their identities, particularly during important procedures such as for example realizing their GLB identity and developing to others. Learn 1 additionally investigated GLB individuals’ criticisms and desires in regards to the news’s representation for the GLB populace, along with the positive components of the news, including its power to provide GLB role models. Making use of a qualitative approach, learn 2 explored the findings from learn 1 much more depth and illuminated a few of the ways that news part models influence the understanding, development, and phrase of GLB identification. As formerly talked about, both studies provide guidance high heel sex for the news with regards to changing its depiction for the GLB populace to be much more representative and less stereotyped and harmful. These modifications may lead the media further far from the” that is“sissy “dyke” archetypes toward brand new archetypes resembling good part models such as for instance Ellen DeGeneres and could be an essential step up reducing societal prejudice and discrimination toward this selection of individuals.
The writers want to thank Dr. Sandi Nenga, Dr. Jacqueline Muir-Broaddus, Abigail Riggs, Ryan Giuliano, Jason Dolloff, and Travis Norton because of their efforts to your article.